There is No Such Thing as a LONE DESPOT – Despots are NOT Possible without the Active Support, Collaboration & Cooperation of Civil Servants & a Raft of Public Service Institutions
Despots are rightly condemned throughout Human History for the carnage they unleash on Opponents, Victims and Citizens. As the Mugabe Regime changes baton at Presidential Level, one cannot resist a longstanding nudge to raise the matter of the Collusion by The Civil Service, Civil Servants, Armed Forces, Police, Diplomatic Service, other Public Servants and their culpability in the Crimes of Despotic Regimes.
From Adolph Hitler, Mussolini, Ivan the Terrible, Robespierre, Joseph Stalin, Mao Zedong, Francois Duvalier, Nicolae Ceausescu, Idi Amin,
Pol Pot to the Ruthless Policies of Extremist, Right Wing Political Parties in Western Democracy, where offending Banks were rewarded with US$Trillions of Bailouts while Citizens are punished with Harsh Austerity Measures – Public Servants have their hands muddied by Implementing Grotesque, antiCitizens Policy Measures against Fellow Citizens – with blood on their hands. The Executioner appears worse than the Policy Legislator.
There is no Despot who could single-handedly build and carry out atrocities under Despotic Regimes without the Full Connivance, Condoning of Civil, Public, Armed Forces, Police, State Intelligence, Secret Service, Diplomatic Service. Oppression, Human Rights Abuse, Genocides by Despotic Regimes are possible because of the significant, active participation by Public Servants within any given Country and abroad.
In my several and various discussions with Civil Servants who carry out Despotic, anti-Citizen Policies and Measures, they always come up with this line “I AM ONLY AN OFFICIAL. I DON’T MAKE POLICY. I DON’T LEGISLATE. I ONLY IMPLEMENT POLICY”. So I follow up by asking please tell me,
“The Legislator, Policy Maker and the Policy Implementer – who is worse?”
“The Judge and the Executioner, who is worse?”
“Who does the dirty work for Despotic Legislators and Policy Makers?” Then I get a stare as though I have just arrived from Outer Space.
In alternative to a stare, I sometimes get “Well, I only do it to pay the mortgage, the bills and put food on the table”.
Question then is, “Do you have to scurry the Lives of other Fellow Citizens through the Implementation of Dehumanising, Denigrating, Undignifying, Draconian, Oppressive Policy Measures, Sanctions etc. etc.; Just to make a Living? Do you know about the Karmic Implications for how you Earn a Living?”
Leads to a plethora of Questions, including below listed:
Whatever happened to the INDEPENDENCE of the CIVIL SERVICE?
Is it really helpful in safeguarding the CITIZENSHIP, including HUMAN RIGHTS of the People?
Does the INDEPENDENCE of The CIVIL SERVICE measure up to the NATIONAL INTEREST STANDARD?
Is there a CRYSTAL-CLEAR CLARITY between GOVERNMENT INTEREST, POLITICAL PARTY INTEREST and NATIONAL INTEREST, CITIZENS INTEREST?
As CIVIL SERVANTS, should the OATH of SERVICE not be about SERVING THE INTEREST or CITIZENS, rather than and over and above GOVERNMENT, PARTY POLITICAL INTERESTS?
Yes to POLITICAL NEUTRALITY; But does that constitute ETHICAL NEUTRALITY?
Is it not time to formulate a Checklist for what Constitutes CITIZENS & NATIONAL INTEREST – which MUST be upheld by GOVERNMENTS, POLITICAL PARTIES AND CIVIL SERVANTS?
Professionalism entails a Principled Stance against ALL antiCitizen Legislation, Policies & Measures. Professionalism is compromised through Active or Passive Connivance with Despotic Leadership and Legislation.
Political, Economic, Social & Cultural Despotism are Morally Corrupt Constructs which ethically-minded Professionals should have nothing to do with, let alone Passively or Actively Support just so to earn a living. What about the lives of those who get pilloried with Injustices of various kinds at the receiving end of the Actions of CIVIL SERVANTS?
In the words of Acton, “absolute power corrupts”. This is corroborated by Brutus in Shakespeare’s Julius Caesar that “Power becomes destructive when it disjoins itself from remorse.”
And this disjunction is an inevitability because power lifts its upholders away from Citizens, the bastions of Mandate, away from others, away from realities whereas they are expected to be tightly in tune. That divorced from their fountain of power, they become filled up with claptrap from the lips of the fearful and sycophantic which enables them to easily express their irritation at obstacles and can brush aside those who disagree and challenge their arrogance and indulgent self-aloofness – a fatalistic illusion of better than the Citizen-Possessor of Mandate and Permanent Locus of Power.
Whilst it is right to part company with Despots, their collaborator Civil & Public Servants should be equally held accountable – without immunity for carrying out Despotic Orders of Politicians – moreso when both are paid by and from CITIZENS COFFERS.
1. Sampson, Anthony, The Changing Anatomy of Britain (Hodder and Stoughton, 1982)
2. Sullivan, Ceri, Literature in the Civil Service: Sublime Bureaucracy (Palgrave, 2012)
3. Jonathan Tonge, The New Civil Service (Baseline, Tisbury 1999)
4. Zifcak, S., New Managerialism: Administrative Reform in Whitehall and Canberra (Open University Press, 1994)
5. Despotism. archive.org (film documentary). Prelinger Archives. Chicago, IL: Encyclopædia Britannica, Inc. 1946. OCLC 6325325.
6. “Are dictators ever good?”, the Guardian https://www.theguardian.com/commentisfree/2007/sep/29/aredictatorsevergood
7. “The definition of despotism”. dictionary.com. Retrieved 15 August 2016.
8. Politics (Aristotle) 7.1327b 
9. Boesche, Roger (1990). “Fearing Monarchs and Merchants: Montesquieu’s Two Theories of Despotism”. The Western Political Quarterly. 43 (4): 741–61. doi:10.1177/106591299004300405. JSTOR 448734.
10. World History, Spielvogel J. Jackson. Glencoe/McGraw-Hill, Columbus, OH. p. 520
11. Montesquieu, “The Spirit of Laws”, Book II, 1.
13. James B. Christoph, Political Rights and Administrative Impartiality in the British Civil Service,” in Canadian Public Administration, eds. J.E. Hodgetts and D.C. Corbett (Toronto: Macmillan, 1960), 421.
14. “Political Neutrality, The Duty Of Silence And The Right To Publish In The Civil Service” (PDF). Parliamentary Affairs. 39 (4). 1986.
15. Patricia Greer, 1994,Transforming Central Government: the Next Steps, preface.
16. Bradley, A.W. and Ewing, K.D., Constitutional and Administrative Law (Pearson, 2003)
17. Foster, C., British Government in Crisis (Hart 2005)
18. House of Commons Public Administration Committee, “These Unfortunate Events”: Lessons of Recent Events at the Former DTLR, HMSO 2002 
This is an Ongoing Discussion and Subject of Interest to the CORPUS GREAT SOVEREIGN RIGHTS CHANCELLERY CHAMBERS, INSTITUTES & FOUNDATION.
Interested Persons could contribute directly right here on this platform or email: